Testing Interview Questions and Answers || Software Testing Interview Questions and Answers for freshers

Testing Interview Questions and Answers || Software  Testing Interview Questions and Answers for freshers

What’s Ad Hoc Testing ?
A testing where the tester tries to break the software by randomly trying functionality of software.

What’s the Accessibility Testing ?
Testing that determines if software will be usable by people with disabilities.

What’s the Alpha Testing ?
The Alpha Testing is conducted at the developer sites and in a controlled environment by the end user of the software

What’s the Beta Testing ?
Testing the application after the installation at the client place.

What is Component Testing ?
Testing of individual software components (Unit Testing).

What’s Compatibility Testing ?
In Compatibility testing we can test that software is compatible with other elements of system.

What is Concurrency Testing ?
Multi-user testing geared towards determining the effects of accessing the same application code, module or database records. Identifies and measures the level of locking, deadlocking and use of single-threaded code and locking semaphores.

What is Conformance Testing ?
The process of testing that an implementation conforms to the specification on which it is based. Usually applied to testing conformance to a formal standard.

What is Context Driven Testing ?
The context-driven school of software testing is flavor of Agile Testing that advocates continuous and creative evaluation of testing opportunities in light of the potential information revealed and the value of that information to the organization right now.

What is Data Driven Testing ?
Testing in which the action of a test case is parameterized by externally defined data values, maintained as a file or spreadsheet. A common technique in Automated Testing.

What is Conversion Testing ?
Testing of programs or procedures used to convert data from existing systems for use in replacement systems.

What is Dependency Testing ?
Examines an application’s requirements for pre-existing software, initial states and configuration in order to maintain proper functionality.

What is Depth Testing ?
A test that exercises a feature of a product in full detail.

What is Dynamic Testing ?
Testing software through executing it. See also Static Testing.

What is Endurance Testing ?
Checks for memory leaks or other problems that may occur with prolonged execution.

What is End-to-End testing ?
Testing a complete application environment in a situation that mimics real-world use, such as interacting with a database, using network communications, or interacting with other hardware, applications, or systems if appropriate.

What is Exhaustive Testing ?
Testing which covers all combinations of input values and preconditions for an element of the software under test.

What is Gorilla Testing ?
Testing one particular module, functionality heavily.

What is Installation Testing ?
Confirms that the application under test recovers from expected or unexpected events without loss of data or functionality. Events can include shortage of disk space, unexpected loss of communication, or power out conditions.

What is Localization Testing ?
This term refers to making software specifically designed for a specific locality.

What is Loop Testing ?
A white box testing technique that exercises program loops.

What is Mutation Testing ?
Mutation testing is a method for determining if a set of test data or test cases is useful, by deliberately introducing various code changes (‘bugs’) and retesting with the original test data/cases to determine if the ‘bugs’ are detected. Proper implementation requires large computational resources

What is Monkey Testing ?
Testing a system or an Application on the fly, i.e just few tests here and there to ensure the system or an application does not crash out.

What is Positive Testing ?
Testing aimed at showing software works. Also known as “test to pass”. See also Negative Testing.

What is Negative Testing ?
Testing aimed at showing software does not work. Also known as “test to fail”. See also Positive Testing.

What is Path Testing ?
Testing in which all paths in the program source code are tested at least once.

What is Performance Testing ?
Testing conducted to evaluate the compliance of a system or component with specified performance requirements. Often this is performed using an automated test tool to simulate large number of users. Also know as “Load Testing”.

What is Ramp Testing ?
Continuously raising an input signal until the system breaks down.

What is Recovery Testing ?
Confirms that the program recovers from expected or unexpected events without loss of data or functionality. Events can include shortage of disk space, unexpected loss of communication, or power out conditions.

What is the Re-testing testing ?
Retesting- Again testing the functionality of the application.

What is the Regression testing ?
Regression- Check that change in code have not effected the working functionality

What is Sanity Testing ?
Brief test of major functional elements of a piece of software to determine if its basically operational.

What is Scalability Testing ?
Performance testing focused on ensuring the application under test gracefully handles increases in work load.

What is Security Testing ?
Testing which confirms that the program can restrict access to authorized personnel and that the authorized personnel can access the functions available to their security level.

What is Stress Testing ?
Stress testing is a form of testing that is used to determine the stability of a given system or entity. It involves testing beyond normal operational capacity, often to a breaking point, in order to observe the results.

What is Smoke Testing ?
A quick-and-dirty test that the major functions of a piece of software work. Originated in the hardware testing practice of turning on a new piece of hardware for the first time and considering it a success if it does not catch on fire.

What is Soak Testing ?
Running a system at high load for a prolonged period of time. For example, running several times more transactions in an entire day (or night) than would be expected in a busy day, to identify and performance problems that appear after a large number of transactions have been executed.

What’s the Usability testing ?
Usability testing is for user friendliness.

What’s the User acceptance testing ?
User acceptance testing is determining if software is satisfactory to an end-user or customer.

 What is Test bed on software Testing ?
a. It is a document which is prepared before going to execute the test cases .
b. Preparation for test execution i,e pre-requisites is called Test Bed .
c. In test bed document we define all Test data , input and output criteria, software and hardware requirement , operating system and version ,System Environment , parameters defined for each phase , test scripts and other supporting documents which is required for test execution.

What is the difference between Test matrix and Trace ability matrix ?
Test matrix - The objective of test matrix is to capture the plan , actual quality , effort , resources and time required to capture all the phases of software testing .
Traceability matrix -The mapping between test cases and client/customer requirements is known as Trace ability matrix .
b. It is used to check all the requirements are covered or not .

What is difference between System Testing and End To End Testing ?
System Testing- upon completion of integration testing , the test team will begin system testing . In this a complete system is configured in control environment to validate it's accuracy and completeness .
b. The objective of system testing is to verify that the system is complete function and robust enough for user interaction and use .
End To End testing : It Validates the software system as well as interconnected sub-systems
b. It checks end to end process flow like All interfaces, back end systems will be considered for testing .

What is Test plan and describe the main components of Test plan ?
Test plan is a document which explains the test strategy , timelines and available resources and detailed view .
Test plan contains :
a. Objective
b. Scope
c. Approach
d. resources
e. Entry criteria and Exit criteria
f. use cases
g. test cases
i. risk assumptions
j. Software and hardware requirements
k. Project milestones

 What is Test scenario ?
Test scenario is nothing but a way of process (a feature gonna used) or a complete work flow .

 Describe the attributes of use cases ?
 The attributes are -
a. Preconditions
b. Post conditions
c. Descriptions
d. Primary flow
e. Objective
f. After native flow and business rules interactions, implementations and etc..

 What is the test components to be delivered ?
Test deliverable are-
a. QA test plan
b. Test cases document
c. Automation script
d. Trace ability matrix
e. Test result
f. Test report
g. Release notes

What is web server ?
It handles client side validations as well as server side validations and helps to deliver web contents that can be access through the internet protocol.
E.g - Microsoft IIS
Apache web server
Java web server

What is Pilot testing ?
 Intention to take ownership of the project .
b. basically in pilot testing ,there would be group of testers who perform testing with the intention of taking project from the client .

What is Security testing ?

 It is performed to check whether there is any information leakage incense by encrypting the application or using wide range of software and hardware etc..